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Three small islands face the city, and a larger one shelters its port, Smarda. Dohodno Zdanie is an imposing Neoclassical edifice in the city centre of Ruse, built in — to accommodate the local theatre performances. We have no solution to the problem of bad email attachments and links. A person whose only act in respect of the communication of a work or other subject-matter to the public consists of providing the means of telecommunication necessary for another person to so communicate the work or other subject-matter does not communicate that work or other subject-matter to the public;. What are the parameters above?

Indoor arenas in Bulgaria

Populated places on the Danube

Post Syndicated from Jamey Tisdale original https: We recently launched AWS Ar chitecture Monthly , a new subscription service on Kindle that will push a selection of the best content around cloud architecture from AWS, with a few pointers to other content you might also enjoy. From building a simple website to crafting an AI-based chat bot, the choices of technologies and the best practices in how to apply them are constantly evolving. With your free subscription, you can look forward to fresh content delivered directly to your Kindledevice or Kindle app including: The January issue is now live.

The content is the same as in the subscription but requires individual-issue downloads. FAQ I have to submit my credit card information for a free subscription? This will remain a free, annual subscription and includes all 10 issues for the year. This month we added France but anticipate it will take some time for the new service to move into additional markets. What countries are included in the Amazon.

Post Syndicated from Michal Zalewski original http: For all that has been written about Bitcoin and its ilk, it is curious that the focus is almost solely what the cryptocurrencies are supposed to be. Technologists wax lyrical about the potential for blockchains to change almost every aspect of our lives. Much of this may be true, but the proponents of cryptocurrencies should recognize that an appeal to consequences is not a guarantee of good results.

The critics, on the other hand, would be best served to remember that they are drawing far-reaching conclusions about the effects of modern monetary policies based on a very short and tumultuous period in history. The emergence of money is usually explained in a very straightforward way.

You know the story: The cobbler needed to feed his family while the farmer wanted to keep his feet warm — and so they met to exchange the goods on mutually beneficial terms. But as the tale goes, the barter system had a fatal flaw: To facilitate increasingly complex, multi-step exchanges without requiring dozens of people to meet face to face, we came up with an abstract way to represent value — a shiny coin guaranteed to be accepted by every tradesman.

It seems far more plausible that early societies relied on the concept of debt long before the advent of currencies: In fact, such non-monetary, trust-based, reciprocal economies are still common in closely-knit communities: In such a setting, primitive currencies probably emerged simply as a consequence of having a system of prices: Formalizing such relationships by settling on a single, widely-known unit of account — say, one chicken — would make it more convenient to transfer, combine, or split debts; or to settle them in alternative goods.

Contrary to popular belief, for communal ledgers, the unit of account probably did not have to be particularly desirable, durable, or easy to carry; it was simply an accounting tool. And indeed, we sometimes run into fairly unusual units of account even in modern times: In the end, the development of coinage might have had relatively little to do with communal trade — and far more with the desire to exchange goods with strangers.

When dealing with a unfamiliar or hostile tribe, the concept of a chicken-denominated ledger does not hold up: Throughout much of the recorded history, precious metals — predominantly gold and silver — proved to fit the bill. In the most basic sense, such commodities could be seen as a tool to reconcile debts across societal boundaries, without necessarily replacing any local units of account.

The proceeds of the completed transaction would in turn allow the seller to settle their own local obligations that arose from having to source the traded goods. Still, the emergence of commodity money had one interesting side effect: A piece of silver would buy the same amount of food, whether earned through hard labor or won in a drunken bet.

This disconnect remains a central theme in many of the debates about social justice and unfairly earned wealth. To cope with this problem, we needed to shape raw commodities into pieces of a more predictable shape and weight; a trusted party could then stamp them with a mark to indicate the value and the quality of the coin.

At first, the task of standardizing coinage rested with private parties — but the responsibility was soon assumed by the State. The advantages of this transition seemed clear: Alas, in what deserves the dubious distinction of being one of the earliest examples of monetary tomfoolery, some States succumbed to the temptation of fiddling with the coinage to accomplish anything from feeding the poor to waging wars. In particular, it would be common to stamp coins with the same face value but a progressively lower content of silver and gold.

Perhaps surprisingly, the strategy worked remarkably well; at least in the times of peace, most people cared about the value stamped on the coin, not its precise composition or weight.

And so, over time, representative money was born: This radically new currency was accompanied with a simple pledge: Of course, the promise was largely illusory: Still, as long as people had faith in their rulers and the redemption requests stayed low, the fundamental mechanics of this new representative currency remained roughly the same as before — and in some ways, were an improvement in that they lessened the insatiable demand for a rare commodity.

Just as importantly, the new money still enabled international trade — using the underlying gold exchange rate as a reference point. For much of the recorded history, banking was an exceptionally dull affair, not much different from running a communal chicken ledger of the old. But then, something truly marvelous happened in the 17th century: These private ventures operated according to a simple scheme: To meet these obligations and to make a profit, the banks then used the pooled deposits to make high-interest loans to other folks.

The rest could be loaned out. The very curious consequence of fractional-reserve banking was that it pulled new money out of thin air. The funds were simultaneously accounted for in the statements shown to the depositor, evidently available for withdrawal or transfer at any time; and given to third-party borrowers, who could spend them on just about anything.

Heck, the borrowers could deposit the proceeds in another bank, creating even more money along the way! Whatever they did, the sum of all funds in the monetary system now appeared much higher than the value of all coins and banknotes issued by the government — let alone the amount of gold sitting in any vault.

Of course, no new money was being created in any physical sense: If too many depositors were to ask for their money back, or if too many loans were to go bad, the banking system would fold. In the early 20th century, the world kept witnessing just that; a series of bank runs and economic contractions forced the governments around the globe to act. At that stage, outlawing fractional-reserve banking was no longer politically or economically tenable; a simpler alternative was to let go of gold and move to fiat money — a currency implemented as an abstract social construct, with no predefined connection to the physical realm.

A new breed of economists saw the role of the government not in trying to peg the value of money to an inflexible commodity, but in manipulating its supply to smooth out economic hiccups or to stimulate growth. Contrary to popular beliefs, such manipulation is usually not done by printing new banknotes; more sophisticated methods, such as lowering reserve requirements for bank deposits or enticing banks to invest its deposits into government-issued securities, are the preferred route.

It follows that a simple crisis of confidence could make a currency nearly worthless overnight. A prolonged period of hyperinflation and subsequent austerity in Germany and Austria was one of the precipitating factors that led to World War II. In more recent times, dramatic episodes of hyperinflation plagued the fiat currencies of Israel , Mexico , Poland , Yugoslavia , Bulgaria , Turkey , Zimbabwe , Venezuela , and several other nations around the globe.

For the United States, the switch to fiat money came relatively late, in To stop the dollar from plunging like a rock, the Nixon administration employed a clever trick: Well, one thing did change: They did this to induce a small, steady degree of inflation, believing that doing so would discourage people from hoarding cash and force them to reinvest it for the betterment of the society. Well… countless tomes have been written about the nature and the optimal characteristics of government-issued fiat currencies.

Some heterodox economists, notably including Murray Rothbard , have also explored the topic of privately-issued, decentralized, commodity-backed currencies. But Bitcoin is a wholly different animal.

In essence, BTC is a global, decentralized fiat currency: It does the unthinkable by employing three clever tricks:. It allows anyone to create new coins, but only by solving brute-force computational challenges that get more difficult as the time goes by,. It prevents unauthorized transfer of coins by employing public key cryptography to sign off transactions, with only the authorized holder of a coin knowing the correct key,.

The blockchain is often described as the most important feature of Bitcoin, but in some ways, its importance is overstated.

The idea of a currency that does not rely on a centralized transaction clearinghouse is what helped propel the platform into the limelight — mostly because of its novelty and the perception that it is less vulnerable to government meddling although the government is still free to track down, tax, fine, or arrest any participants.

A more striking feature of the new currency is the incentive structure surrounding the creation of new coins. The underlying design democratized the creation of new coins early on: The tokens had no practical value, but obtaining them involved no substantial expense or risk. Just as importantly, because the difficulty of the puzzles would only increase over time, the hope was that if Bitcoin caught on, latecomers would find it easier to purchase BTC on a secondary market than mine their own — paying with a more established currency at a mutually beneficial exchange rate.

Predicting is hard — especially the future. In some sense, a coin that represents a cryptographic proof of wasted CPU cycles is no better or worse than a currency that relies on cotton decorated with pictures of dead presidents. It is true that Bitcoin suffers from many implementation problems — long transaction processing times, high fees, frequent security breaches of major exchanges — but in principle, such problems can be overcome.

That said, currencies live and die by the lasting willingness of others to accept them in exchange for services or goods — and in that sense, the jury is still out. The use of Bitcoin to settle bona fide purchases is negligible, both in absolute terms and in function of the overall volume of transactions. In fact, because of the technical challenges and limited practical utility, some companies that embraced the currency early on are now backing out.

When the value of an asset is derived almost entirely from its appeal as an ever-appreciating investment vehicle, the situation has all the telltale signs of a speculative bubble.

But that does not prove that the asset is destined to collapse, or that a collapse would be its end. Still, the built-in deflationary mechanism of Bitcoin — the increasing difficulty of producing new coins — is probably both a blessing and a curse. Because future is actually pretty darn easy to predict — in retrospect. Post Syndicated from Mike Buffham original https: Programa de revendedor aprovado agora no Brasil — our Approved Reseller programme is live in Brazil, with Anatel-approved Raspberry Pis in a rather delicious shade of blue on sale from today.

The difficulty in buying our products — and the lack of Anatel certification — have been consistent points of feedback from our many Brazilian customers and followers.

In much the same way that electrical products in the USA must be FCC-approved in order to be produced or sold there, products sold in Brazil must be approved by Anatel. FilipeFlop will be able to sell Raspberry Pi 3 units across the country.

They also helped us understand the various local duties and taxes which need to be paid! People outside Brazil will not be able to purchase the blue variant from FilipeFlop. The post Brand new and blue: The decision was welcomed by the music industry, which looked forward to having more sites blocked in due course. Soon after, local music rights group LSG sent its lawyers after several other large ISPs urging them to follow suit, or else.

However, the ISPs dug in and a year later, in May , things began to unravel. The Court concluded that ISP blocks are only warranted if copyright holders have exhausted all their options to take action against those actually carrying out the infringement. The ISPs argued that only torrent files, not the content itself, was available on the portals.

They also had a problem with the restriction of access to legitimate content. Taking the case to its ultimate conclusion, the music companies appealed to the Supreme Court. The ISPs had previously argued that blocking The Pirate Bay and other sites was pointless since the torrents they host would still be available elsewhere.

When content is blocked, rather than removed, it simply displaces the problem, leaving others to pick up the pieces, the Internet body argues. Everything else is a placebo with extremely dangerous side effects, which can easily be bypassed by both providers and consumers. The domains that were listed in the case, many of which are already defunct, are: Whether it will be added later is unclear, but the only domain currently used by The Pirate Bay thepiratebay.

Post Syndicated from Jeff Barr original https: We launched CloudFront in with 14 Points of Presence and have been expanding rapidly ever since. Today I am pleased to announce the opening of our th Point of Presence, the fifth one in Tokyo and the sixth in Japan.

We have even more in the works, including an Edge Location in the United Arab Emirates, currently planned for the first quarter of First announced at re: Invent , the Regional Edge Caches sit between our Edge Locations and your origin servers, have even more memory than the Edge Locations, and allow us to store content close to the viewers for rapid delivery, all while reducing the load on the origin servers.

While locations are important, they are just a starting point. We have also been working to accelerate the processing of cache invalidations and configuration changes. We now accept invalidations within milliseconds of the request and confirm that the request has been processed world-wide, typically within 60 seconds. This helps to ensure that your customers have access to fresh, timely content!

Visit our Getting Started with Amazon CloudFront page for sign-up information, tutorials, webinars, on-demand videos, office hours, and more.

Needing little introduction, the anti-piracy system sold by Denuvo Software Solutions of Austria is probably the most well-known product of its type of the planet.

For years, Denuvo was considered pretty much impenetrable, with its presence a virtual stamp of assurance that a game being protected by it would not fall victim to piracy, potentially for years. In recent times, however, things have begun to crumble. Strangely, it started in early with bad news. Chinese cracking group 3DM declared that Denuvo was probably uncrackable and no protected games would appear online during the next two years.

By June, however, hope appeared on the horizon, with hints that progress was being made. After that, Denuvo-protected titles began dropping like flies, with some getting cracked weeks after their launch.

Then things got serious. Early this year, Resident Evil 7 fell in less than a week. In the summer, RiME fell in a few days, four days exactly for Tekken 7. Now, however, Denuvo has suffered its biggest failure yet, with strategy game Total War: Warhammer 2 falling to pirates in less than a day, arguably just a few hours. The fall of this game in such a short space of time will be of major concern to Denuvo Software Solutions.

After Resident Evil 7 was cracked in days earlier this year, Denuvo Marketing Director Thomas Goebl told Eurogamer that some protection was better than nothing. Warhammer 2, it can be argued that Denuvo made absolutely no difference whatsoever to the availability of the title.

Back in , Denuvo co-founder Robert Hernandez told Kotaku that the company does not give refunds. It would be interesting to know if anything has changed there too.

Post Syndicated from Tina Barr original https: Welcome back to another month of Hot Startups! Every day, startups are creating innovative and exciting businesses, applications, and products around the world. Each month we feature a handful of startups doing cool things using AWS. July is all about learning! These companies are focused on providing access to tools and resources to expand knowledge and skills in different ways. In , Stanford students Zach Galant and Jeremy Keeshin were computer science majors and TAs for introductory classes when they noticed a trend among their peers.

Many wished that they had been exposed to computer science earlier in life. In their senior year, Zach and Jeremy launched CodeHS to give middle and high schools the opportunity to provide a fun, accessible computer science education to students everywhere. CodeHS is a web-based curriculum pathway complete with teacher resources, lesson plans, and professional development opportunities.

The curriculum is supplemented with time-saving teacher tools to help with lesson planning, grading and reviewing student code, and managing their classroom. CodeHS aspires to empower all students to meaningfully impact the future, and believe that coding is becoming a new foundational skill, along with reading and writing, that allows students to further explore any interest or area of study.

Zach and Jeremy set out to change that by providing a solution that made it easy for schools and districts to get started. With CodeHS, thousands of teachers have been trained and are teaching hundreds of thousands of students all over the world. Students can write and run their code online, and teachers can immediately see what the students are working on and how they are doing. CodeHS also relies on AWS to compile and run student code in the browser, which is extremely important when teaching server-side languages like Java that powers the AP course.

Since usage rises and falls based on school schedules, Amazon CloudWatch and ELBs are used to easily scale up when students are running code so they have a seamless experience.

Be sure to visit the CodeHS website , and to learn more about bringing computer science to your school, click here! Insight Palo Alto, CA. Insight was founded in to create a new educational model, optimize hiring for data teams, and facilitate successful career transitions among data professionals.

Over the last 5 years, Insight has kept ahead of market trends and launched a series of professional training fellowships including Data Science , Health Data Science , Data Engineering , and Artificial Intelligence.

Finding individuals with the right skill set, background, and culture fit is a challenge for big companies and startups alike, and Insight is focused on developing top talent through intensive 7-week fellowships. The Data Engineering team at Insight is well-versed in the current ecosystem of open source tools and technologies and provides mentorship on the best practices in this space.

The technical teams are continually working with external groups in a variety of data advisory and mentorship capacities, but the majority of Insight partners participate in professional sessions.

Companies visit the Insight office to speak with fellows in an informal setting and provide details on the type of work they are doing and how their teams are growing. These sessions have proved invaluable as fellows experience a significantly better interview process and companies yield engaged and enthusiastic new team members. Insight provides free AWS resources for all fellows to use, in addition to mentorships from the Data Engineering team. The experience with AWS gives fellows a solid skill set as they transition into the industry.

Check out the Insight blog for more information on trends in data infrastructure, artificial intelligence, and cutting-edge data products. When the App Store was introduced in , the founders of iTranslate saw an opportunity to be part of something big. The group of four fully believed that the iPhone and apps were going to change the world, and together they brainstormed ideas for their own app.

The combination of translation and mobile devices seemed a natural fit, and by iTranslate was born. The app allows users to translate text, voice, websites and more into nearly languages on various platforms. Today, iTranslate is the leading player for conversational translation and dictionary apps, with more than 60 million downloads and 6 million monthly active users. The app has a variety of features designed to optimize productivity including offline translation, website and voice translation, and language auto detection.

The Dash Pro allows people to communicate freely, while having a personal translator right in their ear. Amazon Polly provides us with the ability to efficiently produce and use high quality, natural sounding synthesized speech. Customers also enjoy the option to change speech rate and change between male and female voices.

To get started with iTranslate, visit their website here. Post Syndicated from Yev original https: As Backblaze continues to grow, and as we go down the path of sharing our stories, we found ourselves in need of someone that could wrangle our content calendar, write blog posts, and come up with interesting ideas that we could share with our readers and fans.

We put out the call, and found Roderick! Lets learn a bit more about Roderick, shall we? Where are you originally from? What attracted you to Backblaze? I spoke with him and was impressed with him and his description of the company.

We connected on LinkedIn after the conference and I ultimately saw his post for this position about a month ago. What do you expect to learn while being at Backblaze?

I also hope to get to know my fellow employees. Where else have you worked? I used to own vineyards and a food education and event center in the Napa Valley with my former wife, and worked in a number of restaurants, hotels, and wineries. They are named after famous rock and roll vocalists.

Our most active studs now are Sting and Van Morrison. Where did you go to school? I studied at Reed College, U. I put myself through college so was in and out of school a number of times to make money. Some of the jobs I held to earn money for college were cook, waiter, dishwasher, bartender, courier, teacher, bookstore clerk, head of hotel maintenance, bookkeeper, lifeguard, journalist, and commercial salmon fisherman in Alaska.

I think my dream would be having a job that would continually allow me to learn new things and meet new challenges. I lived and studied in Italy, and would have to say the Umbria region of Italy is perhaps my favorite place.

I love foreign languages, and have studied Italian, French, German, and a few others. I am a big fan of literature and theatre and read widely and have attended theatre productions all over the world. That was my motivation to learn other languages—so I could enjoy literature and theatre in the languages they were written in.

I started scuba diving when I was very young because I wanted to be Jacques-Yves Cousteau and explore the oceans. Both my parents are chefs, so I was exposed to a lot of great food growing up. I would have to give more than one answer to that question: Oh, and white truffles.

Welcome to the team! The post Introducing Our Content Director: Post Syndicated from Janina Ander original https: In a Manhattan gallery, there is an art installation that uses a Raspberry Pi to control the lights, nourishing an underground field of lavender. This information is then relayed to the lights in real time. The more tweets, retweets, and likes there are on these accounts at a given moment, the brighter the lights become, and the better the lavender plants grow.

Regarding his motivation to create the art installation, Martin Roth says:. But I am using it in my exhibition as a force to create growth. These often involve the posting of tweets in response to real-world inputs.

Or do you already have a project, in progress or finished, that uses the API? Let us know about it in the comments! The post Tweetponic lavender: This gives them a more consistent network experience than a shared, Internet-based connection along with increased throughput and the potential to reduce network costs.

We have added several new Direct Connect locations already this year, and are adding even more today. This post summarizes the most recent additions to our roster! See the Direct Connect Product Details for a full list of new and existing locations. Post Syndicated from Eben Upton original https: This represented a fivefold reduction in cost over the original Model A: Over the ensuing fifteen months, Zero grew a camera connector and found its way into everything from miniature arcade cabinets to electric skateboards.

Many of these use cases need wireless connectivity. Zero W fixes this problem by integrating more functionality into the core product. Raspberry Pi Zero W is available from all Zero distributors today, with the exception of Micro Center, who should have stock in stores by the end of this week.

The post New product! Post Syndicated from Bruce Schneier original https: Wired is reporting on a new slot machine hack. A Russian group has reverse-engineered a particular brand of slot machine — from Austrian company Novomatic — and can simulate and predict the pseudo-random number generator.

The cell phones from Pechanga, combined with intelligence from investigations in Missouri and Europe, revealed key details. They upload that footage to a technical staff in St. The timed spins are not always successful, but they result in far more payouts than a machine normally awards: The easy solution is to use a random-number generator that accepts local entropy, like Fortuna.

I expect IoT ransomware to become a major area of crime in the next few years. How long before we see this tactic used against cars? Within the year is my guess. Poland is an ancient country whose history is deeply intertwined with that of the western civilization. But over the past two centuries, it suffered a series of military defeats and political partitions at the hands of its closest neighbors: Russia, Austria, Prussia, and — later — Germany.

After more than a hundred years of foreign rule, Poland re-emerged as an independent state in , only to face the armies of Nazi Germany at the onset of World War II.

Some six million people have died within its borders — more than ten times the death toll in France or in the UK. Warsaw was reduced to a sea of rubble, with perhaps one in ten buildings still standing by the end of the war.

With the collapse of the Third Reich, Franklin D. Over the next several decades, the Soviet satellite states experienced widespread repression and economic decline. But weakened by the expense of the Cold War, the communist chokehold on the region eventually began to wane. In Poland, even the introduction of martial law in could not put an end to sweeping labor unrest. Narrowly dodging the specter of Soviet intervention, the country regained its independence in and elected its first democratic government; many other Eastern Bloc countries soon followed suit.

Ever since then, Poland has enjoyed a period of unprecedented growth and has emerged as one of the more robust capitalist democracies in the region. In just two decades, it shed many of its backwardly, state-run heavy industries and adopted a modern, service-oriented economy. History The projected bridge on a stamp Opened on 20 June [3] and designed by Soviet engineers V. Rudomazin,[4] the bridge is 2, Decorations were designed by Bulgarian architect Georgi Ovcharov.

Valentin Atanassov Ganev Bulgarian: Quite active on stage. Since he is an actor at The National Theatre of Bulgaria. Undisputed Warden Markov Beyond Valkyrie: It is currently used mostly for football matches and concerts. The stadium has a capacity of 13, spectators, of which 2, places are for the away fans.

In December, roof covers were added over the main stand. Therefore a new drainage system was installed, as well as a new automatic watering system, the renovation also included replacing the old grass surface of the stadium with a new one and constructing floodlights. Prior to the event, Dunav had been playing their home matches on Lu The penalty amounts to the negative points, and is issued for not winning a committed game contract or for being valat not winning any tricks. A kirtik is recorded as a wide forward slash mark.

Etymology The word kirtik is most probably derived from the same root as cherta Bulgarian: Rules In addition to the rules of Belote as played in Bulgaria , the following rules apply: An additional limit is set at global points, similar to the point limit. If a team's score drops under , and the last dealing did not end in a valat, the game is considered won by the other team. Kirtiks are multiplied by two at no trumps and are influenced by doub The Ruse trolleybus system Bulgarian: Opened in , the system currently has seven lines.

Services The Ruse trolleybus lines as of are: It is named after its administrative centre - the city of Ruse which is also a capital of the province. The municipality embraces a territory of Miglena Angelova Mikhaleva Bulgarian: She competed in the women's coxed four event at the Summer Olympics. Retrieved 10 September It acts within the Rousse, Razgrad, and Silistra regions. The Rousse Regional Historical Museum was established in Its basis are the archeological collections of Karel and Hermenguild Shkorpil, as well as of the naturalist Vasil Kovachev, which were gathered in the "Knyaz Boris" men's high school of Rousse.

The museum holds approximately , items, including: Lyubomir Eftimov Ganev Bulgarian: Lyubo Ganev or Lubo, is a former Bulgarian volleyball player. He was born in Rousse, where he started his career.

He played with CSKA for seven years and was five times a champion with the team. Since Lupo has been playing with Italian teams. He participated in Bulgaria's national team from until One of the hardest hitters ever. He was considered the most valuable player at the Summer Olympics. Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 28 December Sources Maritsa Dnes newspaper, in Bulgarian According to a legend, the house was bestowed upon the beautiful Kaliopa born Maria Kalish , the wife of the Prussian consul Kalish, by the governor of the Danubian Vilayet, Midhat Pasha, who was in love with her.

The facade's design resembles the style of houses in Plovdiv. The frescoes at the upper floor were crafted in The exposition represents the role of Rousse as a gateway towards Europe, and the influx of European urban culture into Bulgaria at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Sample interior layouts are shown, of a drawing-room, a living-room, a music hall and a bedroom, with furniture from Vienna, as well as collections of urban clothing, of jewelry and other accessories, of silverware cutlery and china, which mark the changes present in the daily life of Rousse ci Galina Peneva Ivanova Bulgarian: She was awarded the title Singer of the year in , , and , and Singer of the decade in Music Gloria has been a performer since It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east.

The capital and largest city is Sofia; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas. One the earliest societies in the lands of modern-day Bulgaria was the Neolithic Karanovo culture, which dates back to 6, BC.

The Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, Empire lost some of these territories to an invading Bulgar horde in the late 7th century. The Bulgars then founded the first unified Bulgarian state in AD Girdap or Ghirdap Bulgarian: Prior to the Balkan Wars and World War I, Girdap was among the six largest banks in Bulgaria, and during the wars its financial group was the most influential in the country.

History Early years Girdap's constituent assembly was held on 1 December , less than four years after the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule and the establishment of the Principality of Bulgaria.

At the time, the northeastern Bulgarian city of Ruse was a major economic hub. Ruse prospered due to its role as a major port on the Danube, its rapid industrial development and its well-established ties with Central Europe along that river. Banking, however, was a new concept, as most people employed the services of money lenders and entrusted their sav It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Byala Municipality.

The town is located on the crossroad between roads that connect Ruse with Veliko Tarnovo and Pleven with Varna.

Close to it is the town of Borovo. As of December , Byala has a population of 9, inhabitants. Ivaylo Banchev born 26 June is a Bulgarian rower. He competed in two events at the Summer Olympics. Retrieved 11 September It is named after its administrative centre - the town of Borovo. Valentin Yordanov Dimitrov Bulgarian: He is an Olympic gold medalist, seven-time world champion, seven-time European champion, and the only wrestler to hold 10 medals seven gold, two silver and one bronze from world championships.

He began wrestling at the age of 10, and was coached by Georgi Achev from to He did his military service at the sports school of the CSKA Sofia sports club from to , where he worked with Yancho Patrikov. Team Foxcatcher In , Yordanov emi Freestyle 5th ; European Championship: Freestyle 2nd ; European Championship: Archived from the original on 15 December Retrieved 13 June Background In the Bulgarian parliamentary election the 19th Multi-member Constituency — Ruse elected 8 members to the Bulgarian National Assembly: Later, he was a member of the Jewish Consistory of Bulgaria.

He took an active role in the struggle for the restoration of the rights of the Jews after the Second World War. He acquired his high school education at the Hristo Botev School in the city of his birth. He then went on through a scholarship from the Rothschild family to study law at the Faculty of Law in Berlin, Germany, where he completed his studies with a Ph. He took part in the public activity; he was a member of the Jewish Court of Family Law and a member of the philanthropic Association "Malbish Arumim" Clothing the Needy.

The Second World War Starting in t Facts and figures Top-level domains: After he graduated from the high-school in Ruse, he studied natural sciences at the University of Geneva, Switzerland. In he became a member of the so-called Geneva group — an anarchistic revolutionary circle led by Mihail Gerdzhikov and Petar Mandzhukov. With the assistance of his close friend Gotse Delchev, in Dimitar Ganchev was successfully hired as a teacher at the Bulgarian Pedagogical School in Skopie.

In this city, he became a member of the IMARO and in he was chosen a member of the Skopie district revolutionary committee. Furthermore, in the beginning he was a delegate to the Solun congress, where a decision was made for an armed uprising. Between and Drenowski wrote 77 scientific papers on the butterflies of Bulgaria. His most significant work was on the butterflies of the Bulgarian high mountains Rila, Pirin, Rhodope and Stara Planina. External links Lepidopterology Biography, portrait, publication list.

An inscription from the Sexaginta Prista fortress. Illustration of Ruse in Official seals of foreign embassies in Rustchuk. The Municipal casino, Ruse — Mihail Silagi, a mason, polyglot, founder of the first pharmacy store in Bulgaria. Simeon Petrov, the first Bulgaria pilot.

Pioneer of the music industry in Bulgaria. The Catholic Eparchy in Ruse. The Friendship Bridge , connecting Bulgaria with Romania. Martinov, Krassimir; Daniela Konstantinova 12 January Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 27 December Rousse's architecture inspires locals to call it the "Little Vienna".

Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 23 June Archived from the original on 29 March Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 30 July Archived from the original on 14 July Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Retrieved 13 July Archived from the original on 18 January Annuaire international de la Bulgarie.

Archived from the original on 19 July Public protests against gassing of Ruse kick off". Retrieved 4 March Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 19 October Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Archived from the original on December 8, Retrieved April 25, Archived from the original PDF on 10 April Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 25 November Member feedback about Ruse, Bulgaria: Populated places on the Danube Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Arena Ruse topic Arena Ruse Bulgarian: Member feedback about Arena Ruse: Indoor arenas in Bulgaria Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Ruse Province topic Ruse Province Bulgarian: Member feedback about Ruse Province: Provinces of Bulgaria Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Member feedback about Ruse Airport: Ruse, Bulgaria Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Member feedback about FC Dunav Ruse: Marten, Bulgaria topic Marten is a town in the northern part of Bulgaria.

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Ruse Central railway station topic Ruse Central railway station Bulgarian: Member feedback about Ruse Central railway station: Buildings and structures in Ruse, Bulgaria Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Member feedback about Ruse Opera and Philharmonic Society: Visitor attractions in Ruse Province Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Member feedback about Rousse TV Tower: Member feedback about SIN Cars: Companies based in Munich Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Kaloyan Kopchev topic Kaloyan Kopchev Bulgarian: Member feedback about Kaloyan Kopchev: People from Ruse, Bulgaria Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Member feedback about Zvezdelina Stankova: American mathematicians Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Highways in Bulgaria topic Highways in Bulgaria are dual carriageways, grade separated with controlled-access, designed for high speeds.

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Dimitar Ganchev topic Dimitar Ganchev Bulgarian: Member feedback about Dimitar Ganchev: Member feedback about Alexander Kirilow Drenowski: The Monument of Liberty was built at the beginning of the 20th century by the Italian sculptor Arnoldo Zocchi. As time went by, it gained significance as one of the city's symbols, and now forms a part of its coat of arms. Dohodno Zdanie "Sava Ognianov" theater.

Dohodno Zdanie is an imposing Neoclassical edifice in the city centre of Ruse, built in — to accommodate the local theatre performances. Along with the Monument of Liberty it is a symbol of the city. The main street of the city is "Aleksandrovska". It is an architectural ensemble of buildings in Neo-Baroque , Neo-Rococo and other architectural styles. The first private bank "Girdap" The town's clock. Girdap was the first privately owned Bulgarian bank.

Established in Ruse in , Girdap was among the six largest banks in Bulgaria, and during the wars its financial group was the most influential in the country.

Today the main building houses the administration of Ruse's Chamber of Commerce and it's a favorite meeting point. The old city centre is the square around the Rousse Historical Museum. The regional library "Lyuben Karavelov" is located on the square. The building is decorated with baroque ornaments- leaves, pearles and rosettes. The former bank of Ivan and Stefan Simeonov is situated at the beginning of "Aleksandrovska" street.

The building is in the typical for Ruse, baroque style. The house of Andrea Turio is the most beautiful house in Ruse. It was completed in The input materials for the construction were carefully chosen from all over the world.

The halls of the house are decorated in Pompeii art style. Insurance company "Bulgaria" was the first one in Bulgaria. It was created in The building is located on the main street "Aleksandrovska" and it was constructed in the neoclassicism architectural style.

Old High School of Music. The "Old High School of Music" is an abandoned historic building, built in — The architectural style is eclectic , combining neoclassical and gothic revival elements and Northern European influences.

The building is currently being reconstructed to become the first private museum in Bulgaria. The flower vase is located at the city's park. Its height is 3. The orthodox church "Saint Trinity" is the oldest building in the city and dates back to The oldest written mention of the monastery dates to the 15th century in an Ottoman tax register.

Kunt Kapu was the southern gate of the Rousse fortress built in , during the Ottoman Rule of Bulgaria. It is the only thing left from the fortification. In the s an additional antenna was added bringing the height to metres feet.

And, in March , the antenna was reconstructed bringing its height to metres feet. Nature Park of Rusenski Lom is one of the ten nature parks of Bulgaria. It is situated along the canyon type valley of Rusenski Lom River — the last right feeder of the Danube.

The park has been announced as a protected area in and embraces a territory of hectares. The park is recognized as an interesting and precious site of high aesthetic value preserving beautiful riverside terraces, meanders, high vertical rocks, areas of rich variety of species, caves, rock formations, historical monuments of national and international significance.

The park's size is around hectares and the main flora consists of linden trees. The remains of prehistoric people and a cave bear were found there. The cave is the habitat of more than 10 types of bats, thousands of them living there in the winter. It holds approximately , items, including the Borovo treasure ; the finds of excavations of the antique Danube castles Yatrus and Sexaginta Prista, and of the medieval Bulgarian city — Cherven ; a collection of urban clothing, china, glass, and silver from the end of the 19th — beginning of the 20th century.

Sexaginta Prista is located at the city of Ruse. The name means "the port town of the sixty ships". The museum's collection includes species from the Danube valley. Visitors can see a rich exposition of fossils, prehistoric mammals and dioramas , three-dimensional replicas of nature landscapes.

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